Ceratonia Siliqua


 

·         Family: Fabaceae

·         Botanical Name: Ceratonia Siliqua

·         English Name: Carob Tree and also known as St John’s bread.

·         Description: It is native to the Mediterranean regions such as Southern Europe and North Africa but mostly seen in some Mediterranean and Canary Islands.

Carob Tree is a kind of flowering evergreen shrub or tree which belongs to the Fabaceae family. It can grow up to 10 meters. The crown is usually wide and it is supported by strong stems with brown and secure branches.

Leaves are 10-20 cm long and they are facing each other in a compounded shape. Flowers are light greenish red, small and 6-12 cm long and numerous. The fruits can grow up to 15-20 cm tall and in youth they are green, in maturity the color turns to brown.

The seeds, also known as locust beans have a colorless chemical compound and it can be used for animal feed. Moreover, pods may be used for beverage production such as fruity liqueurs or syrups which are made from carob in Turkey, Malta or Spain. Also it can be a used as a substitute for chocolate. It does not contain caffeine and cholesterol and it include lots of calcium which is 3 times more comparing to the milk. Additionally it contains vitamins A, B, E, phosphorus and high percentage of zinc. It throws out the radiation which entered to the body through the foods.

It exists in subtropical areas and tolerates humidity also needs high temperature to grow well.  Trees prefer dry land rather than soil with water.