Common Mullein


 

·         Family: Scrophulariaceae

·         Botanical Name: Verbascum Thapsus

·         English Name: Known as Great or Common Mullein

·         Description: It is a hairy biennial plant that can be between 50 and 200 cm tall. Great or Common mullein has small yellow flowers and they are located on a tall stem as a set. The body part is vertical and round shape. In the first year of growth rosette of leaves are appear on the base of the plant and  the second year the plant produce large leaves from the body up to 50 cm long. Also the second year plants produce a single stem which is usually 1 or 2 m long.

This biennial plant is generally required winter dormancy before it can flower and usually seeds are growing in spring-summer season. Also it requires dry or moist soil and cannot grow in the shade. This plant can tolerate strong and heavy winds but not exposure.

It has long had a medicinal reputation, especially as an astringent and emollient which are contains essential oil, mucilage, several sponins and flavon glycosides and all of those can be founded in the leaves and the flowers of this plant.

More of flowers but also a leaf has sponins and mucilage and the combination of those makes the plant effective for cough, breast and stomach pains and also its recommended for throat pains and some diseases of the lung. It also has calming effect.