Common marshmallow


 

Family: Malvaceae

  • BotanicName: Althaea officinalis L.
  • English Name: Common marshmallow
  • Regional Names: It is also known as Medical root,Healing root.
  • General Definition: The leaves are caulescent,alternant sequence, lamina soft, large, oval-shaped, pointy-toed,tined margins, 3-5 lobed, gray-green, frequent hairy on both sides. The flowers are found on the seat of leaves at the end of branches individually or in groups.
  • Used Parts: Its leaves (Folium Althaea, T. K), flowers (Flos Althaea) and root (radix Althaea).
  • Active Ingredients: Whole plant carries large amounts of mucilage. Furthermore; amylum,sucrose, galactose, pectin, fat, tannin and asparagine are found in the roots. ROOTS have 20-25% mucilage, 20% amylum, sugar, tannin,essential oil and 2% asparagine.As a result of the  hydrolysis of 20-35% mucilage, galacturonic acid, rhamnose, arabinose, galactose and xylose are obtained..
  • Harvest: The leaves are harvested in May-June, the flowers are harvested in July-August, the roots are harvested in autumn. At least 2 years meaty and immature roots and lateral roots of the plant are harvested by removing from soil in autumn.
  • Spreading Area: In our country, it shows a partial spreading in Aegean, Eastern Anatolia, Southeastern Anatolia naturally.