Guttiferae (Hypericaceae=Clusiaceae)


 

Family: Guttiferae (Hypericaceae=Clusiaceae)

  • BotanicName: Hypericum perforatum L.
  • English Name:  It is known as Perforate St. John's wort, Common St. John's wort, Common St. Johnswort, Klamathweed.
  • Regional Names: It is also known as Hypericum perforatum,Saint-john's-wort,Common vervain
  • General Definition: It is 30-80 cm height, hairless,perennial, herbaceous plant. The leaves are sessile and reciprocal. The flowers are on the edge of branches, 5-piece, bright yellow in color and margins are black hairy.
  • Used Parts: Flowers, leaves and stems are used. In the flowering period, flowers and buds or ground surface parts of the plant are used.
  • Active Ingredients: Hypericin and psödohiperisin are the characteristic components which constitute the 0.05-0,3% of the plant. In addition, 0,9-5,0 % hyperforin and adhiperforin, approximate 4% various flavonoid derivative compounds are found in the plant. In the flower, it contains  Tannin (tannin), essential oils (carophyllene, pinene, limonene, myrcene), flavone derivatives (flavonoids, quercitrin, quercitin, rutin), hypericin (Hyperic, pseudohypericin), carotene (carotene), vitamin C and resin.
  • Hypericin which can be found in the composition is a compound to make fotosensibility. Sometimes fatal, skin diseases occur only in white fur ones from animals eating this plant (sheep, cattle, horses) . The sensitivity of this type does not occur in black fur animals.
  • Harvest: In the flowering period. Between June and August, all of the plant in the flowering period is harvested and dried in the shade.
  • Spreading Area: It spreads in Marmara, Black Sea, Aegean Sea, Central and Eastern Anatolia, Mediterranean and Southeast Anatolia regions in our country..